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Guide to Australia’s Top 10 Native Trees

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shutterstock_67012675Many people will often try to build a garden and grow trees, plants, and vegetables without taking any notice of what is suitable for their climate. Unfortunately, excessive heat is generally what causes plants to die. But knowing what climate you live in and what is likely to thrive in such conditions is imperative to the longevity of your garden. Australia is often known for its different climates, but is usually associated with warm temperatures and sometimes drought. Here are our top ten native Australian trees that are suited to warmer climates.

  • Bottlebrush (Callistemon) – This particular tree is bushy in nature and can grow to a height of three metres. Because of its low height, the Bottlebrush is ideal for smaller yards, along fence lines, or as screening. This tree is irresistible to birds, and bares bottle-shaped, brush-like flowers, which is where it gets its name. The Bottlebrush is great in sunny locations and is even resistant to low levels of frost. It is also quite forgiving in any soil type and is great in coastal areas.
  • Bangalow Palm (Archontophoenix Cunninghamiana) – If you’re looking for tall palm trees, then look no further than the Bangalow Palm. This palm tree can grow to around 20 metres tall, with a long slender trunk sprouting bright green leaves. This palm produces small red fruits, which are great for attracting birds to your yard. Bangalow Palms create a great beachy look and offer great shade coverage. They do best in full sun and have minimal care. In extra hot conditions, Bangalow Palms might need some extra water, but aside from this they do well on their own and need little maintenance.
  • Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Microcorys) – A very common and well-known Australian tree, the Eucalyptus is a great addition to a yard in an area with a hot climate. They are fast growing, often long-lasting, and grow best in full sun. Like the Cedrus, the Eucalyptus tree can tolerate drought once it has established and aged slightly. This makes it one of the easiest trees to plant and grow, tolerant of different soils and in need of little maintenance. It is only required that the Eucalyptus receives extra water while still young and growing.
  • Blue Quandong (Elaeocarpus Angustifolius) – This tall rainforest tree is excellent for shade, growing up to 50 metres tall. The Blue Quandong is recognised for its small blue berry-like fruits, which are edible but quite bitter. These fruits attract a lot of flying foxes and native birds, and often end up on the ground, staining concrete. The Blue Quandong is native to QLD and NSW’s east coasts, as well as some parts of New Caledonia. These trees are rather low maintenance, and are able to withstand hot temperatures.
  • Queensland Tree Waratah (Alloxylon Flammeum) – This is a great Queensland rainforest tree and grows to large heights, often around 20 metres tall. They can be smaller in a garden situation, but are still a magnificent and beautiful specimen. The Queensland Tree Waratah flowers in spring, with blossoms that look not much different to the New South Wales Waratah flower.
  • Summer Red (Corymbia Ficifolia) – This beautiful red tree has stunning colours that almost appear bronze as the seasons change. In summer, this tree produces red flowers. Originally from Western Australia, this tree is quite tall, reaching heights of six to ten metres in height. However, it can be pruned to keep it at a smaller height for residential garden areas.
  • Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus Macrophylla) – This enormous tree typically grows up to 20 metres high, with the largest growing past 60 metres tall. Native to most of Australia’s east coast, the Moreton Bay Fig thrives under a hot, overhead sun. Due to the massive width of its canopy, which can grow up to 40 metres wide, the Moreton Bay Fig is a great tree for shade. The sheer size of the tree and its aggressive, complex root system make it appropriate for planting only in large gardens or wide, open spaces.
  • Blush Satinash (Acmena Hemilampra) – This tree, native to Australia’s northern half, is recognisable for its fluffy white flowers. The Blush Satinash is a small to medium sizes tree that can grow up to a maximum of 25 metres high, and can be kept as a shrub if pruned regularly. This tree is relatively low maintenance, preferring free draining soil but tolerant of most soil varieties. The Blush Satinash is drought hardy, and can handle heat from an overhead or low sun with appropriate watering. Use the Blush Satinash in your garden for some low shade, wind breaking, or as a casual screen between yourself and your neighbours.
  • Burra Range Grevillea (Grevillea Decora) – This tree, native to Queensland, is another great bird attractor. With its strange looking, bright red flowers, the Burra Range Grevillea is perfect to act as a hedge or screen, bordering a garden for privacy. The tree is quite hardy, able to withstand hot temperatures and a low Australian sun.
  • Bull Banksia (Banksia Grandis) – This Western Australian native is an extremely drought resistant tree, able to tolerate extremely hot, dry temperatures. Its height makes the Bull Banksia ideal for shade, and it’s a relatively low maintenance tree that is suitable for different soil types. The Bull Banksia is notable for its large, cylindrical yellow flowers.
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